|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||9,356,695|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||6,107,720|
An Analysis of Social Systems in the Translation of The Great Gatsby
|Iranian Journal of Applied Language Studies|
|مقاله 7، دوره 5، شماره 1، آذر 2013، صفحه 155-170 اصل مقاله (203.92 K)|
|نوع مقاله: Research Paper|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22111/ijals.2013.1648|
|Masoud Sharififar؛ Sara Zandian|
|Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman|
|This article was written based on the key concept of polysystem theory which, in translating any literary text, emphasizes the transference of the social systems in which a text is embedded. As stated by Tynjanov (1978a), polysystem theory saw translated literature as a system operating in the larger social systems of the target text. Thus, the task of understanding as well as transferring such systems in their translations, which can certainly affect the readers’ adequate understanding of texts, is a challenging job for most of the literary translators. After identifying three main social systems in The Great Gatsby as the corpus which was ranked second in the lists of the 100 Best Novels of the 20th Century, the source and the target texts were studied attentively, to study the way the respective systems were translated by the Iranian literary translators. Therefore, the prominent element of Nord’s textual analysis (1991), macrostructure, was focused throughout data collection procedure. Then, it was demonstrated that especially through an appropriate transference of the major conflict between the two predominant classes in the novel, the translator has managed to suitably convey most of the text’s social systems in his translation. Finally, it could be deduced that most of the literary translators in Iran, somehow transferred the concerned systems into some significantly adequate equivalents in their works.|
|Polysystem Theory؛ Social Systems؛ Transference؛ Literary Translation|
Bassnett, S. (1980). Translation studies. London: Methuen.
Bloom, (1986). F. Scott Fitzgerald’s the Great Gatsby (Ed.). NewYork: Chelsea House.
Even- Zohar, I. (1978). The position of translated literature within the literary polysystem. In L. Venuti (Ed.) (2000), (pp. 192-7).
________ (1990). Polysystems studies. Tel Aviv: Duke University Press.
Fitzgerald, F. S. (1972). The great gatsby. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Hermans, T. (1999). Translation in systems(Ed.). Manchester: St.Jerome.
Jakobson, R. (1971b). Language in relation to other communication systems. Selected writings II: Word and language. The Hague-Paris: Mouton.
Lambert, J. (1995). Translation, systems, and research: The contribution of polysystem studies to translation studies. TTR, 8 (1), 105-152.
Lefevere, A. (1989). Systems thinking and cultural relativism. Jadavpur Journal of Comparative Literature, 26(7), 55-68.
Munday, J. (2001). Introducing translation studies: Theories and application. London: Routledge.
Newmark, P. (1981). Approaches to translation. Oxford and NewYork: Pergamon.
Nord, C. (1991). Text analysis in translation: Theory, methodology and didactic application of a model for translation- oriented text analysis. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
Toury, G. (1995). Descriptive translation studies and beyond. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Tynjanov, J. (1978a). The meaning of the word in verse, Trans. M.E. Suino. In L. Matejka & K. Pomorska (Eds.), Readings in Russianpoetics: Formalist and structuralist views (pp. 45-136). Ann Arbor:Michigan Slavic Publications.
تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 2,138
تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 1,435