تعداد نشریات | 27 |

تعداد شمارهها | 565 |

تعداد مقالات | 5,815 |

تعداد مشاهده مقاله | 8,129,402 |

تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله | 5,443,348 |

## Multi-objective optimization and online control of switched reluctance generator for wind power application | ||

International Journal of Industrial Electronics Control and Optimization | ||

مقاله 4، دوره 4، شماره 1، فروردین 2021، صفحه 33-45
اصل مقاله (1.47 MB)
| ||

نوع مقاله: Research Articles | ||

شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22111/ieco.2020.32687.1234 | ||

نویسندگان | ||

Hojjat Hajiabadi^{1}؛ Mohsen Farshad ^{} ^{2}؛ MohammadAli Shamsinejad^{2}
| ||

^{1}Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Birjand | ||

^{2}Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran | ||

چکیده | ||

Fossil fuel combustion in power plants is the world’s most significant threat to people’s health and the environment. Recently, wind power, as a clean, sustainable and renewable source of energy, has attracted many researchers. The present paper studies how to maximize the extraction of wind power and the efficiency of a switched reluctance generator (SRG) by firing angles control. The proposed scenario comprises the optimization of turn-on and turn-off angles in the offline mode using a particle swarm optimization algorithm to control the system in the online mode with linear interpolation. The present approach simultaneously investigates the firing angles; also, it has simple structure, low execution time, and efficient convergence rate that are independent of machine characteristics (regardless of high nonlinearity of SRG). Furthermore, copper losses, as well as switching and conduction losses of semiconductors, were considered in simulations to achieve a more realistic outcome. Ultimately, the simulation results of a typical three-phase 6/4 generator using Matlab confirmed the validity of the presented control strategy that can easily find applications in the future. | ||

کلیدواژهها | ||

Switched reluctance generators؛ control of firing angles؛ Wind turbine؛ Sustainable energy؛ and Particle swarm optimization | ||

مراجع | ||

[1] P. Carlin, A. Laxson, and E. Muljadi, “The History and State of the Art of Variable‐Speed Wind Turbine Technology,” Wind Energy, vol. 6, pp. 129–159, Apr. 2003. [2] M. Farshad, “Modeling and Intelligent Control of Switched Reluctance Motor in Washing Machine,” Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Tehran, Iran, 2006. [3] M. Takeno, A. Chiba, N. Hoshi, S. Ogasawara, M. Takemoto, and M. A. Rahman, “Test Results and Torque Improvement of the 50-kW Switched Reluctance Motor Designed for Hybrid Electric Vehicles,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 1327–1334, 2012. [4] F. L. M. dos Santos, J. Anthonis, F. Naclerio, J. J. C. Gyselinck, H. Van der Auweraer, and L. C. S. Góes, “Multiphysics NVH Modeling: Simulation of a Switched Reluctance Motor for an Electric Vehicle,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 469–476, 2014. [5] D.-M. Nguyen, I. Bahri, G. Krebs, E. Berthelot, and C. Marchand, “Vibration study of the intermittent control for a switched reluctance machine,” Math. Comput. Simul., vol. 158, pp. 308–325, 2019. [6] H. Cheng, L. Wang, G. Han, and H. Chen, “The Design and Control of an Electrified Powertrain with Switched Reluctance Machines for Series Hybrid Electric Vehicle,” in 2019 IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC), 2019, pp. 1–5. [7] J. A. Domínguez-Navarro, J. S. Artal-Sevil, H. A. Pascual, and J. L. Bernal-Agustín, “Fuzzy-logic strategy control for switched reluctance machine,” in 2018 Thirteenth International Conference on Ecological Vehicles and Renewable Energies (EVER), 2018, pp. 1–5. [8] A. El-Shahat, A. Hunter, M. Rahman, and Y. Wu, “Ultra- High Speed Switched Reluctance Motor-Generator for Turbocharger Applications,” Energy Procedia, vol. 162, pp. 359–368, 2019. [9] D. Pham, A. Klein-Hessling, and R. W. De Doncker, “Control of a DC-DC Converter as an Active Filter in Combination with Switched Reluctance Generators for Gas Turbine Applications,” in 2019 AIAA/IEEE Electric Aircraft Technologies Symposium (EATS), 2019, pp. 1–17. [10] A. M. S. Arifin, “Switched reluctance generator drive in the low and medium speed operation : modelling and analysis,” Ph.D. Dissertation, Massey University, New Zealand, 2013. [11] T. J. E. Miller, Electronic Control of Switched Reluctance Machines, Jan. 2001. [12] J. Llibre, N. Martinez, P. Leprince, and B. Nogarede, “Analysis and Modeling of Linear-Switched Reluctance for Medical Application,” Actuators, vol. 2, pp. 27–44, Jun. 2013. [13] O. Anaya-Lara, N. Jenkins, J. Ekanayake, P. Cartwright, and M. Hughes, “Wind Energy Generation: Modelling and Control,” in John Wiley & Sons, 2009. [14] Y. Chang and C. Liaw, “On the Design of Power Circuit and Control Scheme for Switched Reluctance Generator,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 445–454, 2008. [15] Y. Sozer and D. A. Torrey, “Closed loop control of excitation parameters for high speed switched-reluctance generators,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 355–362, 2004. [16] H. Chen, “Implementation of a Three-Phase Switched Reluctance Generator System for Wind Power Applications,” in 2008 14th Symposium on Electromagnetic Launch Technology, 2008, pp. 1–6. [17] K. Ogawa, N. Yamamura, and M. Ishda, “Study for Small Size Wind Power Generating System Using Switched Reluctance Generator,” in 2006 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology, 2006, pp. 1510–1515. [18] R. Cardenas, R. Pena, M. Perez, J. Clare, G. Asher, and P. Wheeler, “Control of a switched reluctance generator for variable-speed wind energy applications,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 781–791, 2005. [19] Q. Wang and L. Chang, “An intelligent maximum power extraction algorithm for inverter-based variable speed wind turbine systems,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 1242–1249, 2004. [20] A. Fleury, D. A. de Andrade, F. d. S. e Silva, and J. L. Domingos, “Switched Reluctance Generator for complementary Wind Power Generation in Grid Connection,” in 2007 IEEE International Electric Machines & Drives Conference, 2007, vol. 1, pp. 465–470. [21] N. Sun, D. Choi, J. Li, and Y. Cho, “The Angle Control of Switched Reluctance Generator for Maximum Output Power,” in 2012 Sixth Int. Conf. on Electromagnetic Field Problems and Applications, 2012, pp. 1–4. [22] M. Ziapour, E. Afjei, and M. Yousefi, “Optimum commutation angles for voltage regulation of a high speed switched reluctance generator,” in 4th Annual International Power Electronics, Drive Systems and Technologies Conference, 2013, pp. 271–276. [23] X. Deng et al., “Design of switched reluctance generator system for wind power maximization,” in 2015 IEEE NW Russia Young Researchers in Electrical and Electronic Engineering Conference, 2015, pp. 306–310. [24] M. V Zaharia, A. A. Laczko, A. A. Pop, M. M. Radulescu, and F. Gillon, “Optimal commutation angles of a switched reluctance motor/generator,” in 2015 Tenth International Conference on Ecological Vehicles and Renewable Energies (EVER), 2015, pp. 1–8. [25] W. Wang et al., “Control system of switched reluctance generator,” in 2017 IEEE Conference of Russian Young Researchers in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (EIConRus), 2017, pp. 1064–1069. [26] L. Ling, L. Dong, and X. Liao, “Comparison of two control methods of switched reluctance generator,” 2017 12th IEEE Conf. Ind. Electron. Appl., pp. 792–796, 2017. [27] A. Ivanov and I. Kalanchin, “Application of maximum power point tracker method in wind energy conversion system based on the switched reluctance generator,” in 2017 International Multi-Conference on Engineering, Computer and Information Sciences (SIBIRCON), 2017, pp. 472–476. [28] M. A. Dranca and M. M. Radulescu, “Comparative Design Analysis of Three-Phase Switched Reluctance Generators for Micro-Wind Power Applications,” in 2018 XIII International Conference on Electrical Machines (ICEM), 2018, pp. 597–601. [29] M. O. Shykhnenko, L. I. Mazurenko, O. V Dzhura, and O. A. Bilyk, “Mathematical Model, Research and Improvement of the Switched Reluctance Generator Voltage Stabilization Methods,” in 2018 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Intelligent Energy and Power Systems (IEPS), 2018, pp. 338–342. [30] M. M. Namazi, S. M. S. Nejad, A. Tabesh, A. Rashidi, and M. Liserre, “Passivity-Based Control of Switched Reluctance-Based Wind System Supplying Constant Power Load,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 65, no. 12, pp. 9550–9560, 2018. [31] H. Ačkar, S. Huseinbegović, Š. Mašić, S. Smaka, and A. Tahirbegović, “Voltage Control of a Switched Reluctance Generator Using Discrete Sliding Mode Technique,” in 2018 XIII International Conference on Electrical Machines (ICEM), 2018, pp. 1731–1737. [32] S. Jagwani, G. K. Sah, and L. Venkatesha, “MPPT Based Switched Reluctance Generator Control for a Grid Interactive Wind Energy System,” in 2018 7th International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications (ICRERA), 2018, pp. 998–1003. [33] H. Chen, S. Xu, W. Wei, J. Yang, and R. Nie, “Reliability Assessment of Double-Sided Linear Switched Reluctance Generator System Based on Hierarchical Markov Model,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 66, no. 6, pp. 4901–4911, 2019. [34] S. Li, S. Zhang, T. G. Habetler, and R. G. Harley, “Modeling, Design Optimization, and Applications of Switched Reluctance Machines—A Review,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 2660–2681, 2019. [35] E. H. Catata, D. B. Luque, J. L. Azcue-Puma, and E. R. Filho, “Direct Instantaneous Torque Control of Three Phase 6/4 Switched Reluctance Generator Operating at Low Speeds,” in 2019 IEEE XXVI International Conference on Electronics, Electrical Engineering and Computing (INTERCON), 2019, pp. 1–4. [36] X. Zan et al., “A New Control Strategy for SR Generation System Based on Modified PT Control,” IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 179720–179733, 2019. [37] P. Xiao, J. Pan, C. Wang, R. Huang, and P. Fu, “Dual-Loop Compensation Voltage Control for Linear Switched Reluctance Generators,” in 2019 22nd International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems (ICEMS), 2019, pp. 1–5. [38] H. Chen, D. Xu, and X. Deng, “Control for Power Converter of Small-scale Switched Reluctance Wind Power Generator,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., p. 1, 2020. [39] A. Kushwaha and R. Kanagaraj, “Peak-current estimation using simplified current-rise model of switched reluctance generator operating in single-pulse mode,” Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst., vol. 120, p. 105971, 2020. [40] K. Chirapo, A. Oliveira, A. Sguarezi, A. Pelizari, S. Di Santo, and E. Costa, “P+RES Controller Applied to the Direct Power Control of Switched Reluctance Generator,” J. Control. Autom. Electr. Syst., vol. 31, Jan. 2020. [41] M. M. Ali, C. Storey, and A. Törn, “Application of Stochastic Global Optimization Algorithms to Practical Problems,” J. Optim. Theory Appl., vol. 95, no. 3, pp. 545– 563, 1997. [42] J. A. Nelder and R. Mead, “A Simplex Method for Function Minimization,” Comput. J., vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 308–313, Jan. 1965. [43] B. S. A. Gottfried and J. A. Weisman, Introduction to Optimization Theory. Prentice-Hall, 1973. [44] W. L. Price, “Global optimization by controlled random search,” J. Optim. Theory Appl., vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 333–348, 1983. [45] D. E. Goldberg, Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization and Machine Learning, 1st ed. Boston, MA, USA: Addison-Wesley Longman Publishing Co., Inc., 1989. [46] R. Yang and I. Douglas, “Simple Genetic Algorithm with Local Tuning: Efficient Global Optimizing Technique,” J. Optim. Theory Appl., vol. 98, no. 2, pp. 449–465, 1998. [47] J. Ronkkonen, S. Kukkonen, and K. V Price, “Real- parameter optimization with differential evolution,” in 2005 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation, 2005, vol. 1, p. 506–513 Vol.1. [48] J. H. Fisch, Y. Li, P. C. Kjaer, J. J. Gribble, and T. J. E. Miller, “Pareto-optimal firing angles for switched reluctance motor control,” in Second International Conference On Genetic Algorithms In Engineering Systems: Innovations And Applications, 1997, pp. 90–96. [49] K. Liu and M. Stiebler, “Voltage Control Of A Switched Reluctance Generator By Means Of Fuzzy Logic Approach,” in Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Optimization of Electrical and Electronic Equipments, 1998, vol. 2, pp. 443–446. [50] H. Shin and K. Lee, “Optimal design of a switched reluctance generator for small wind power system using a genetic algorithm,” in 2015 9th International Conference on Power Electronics and ECCE Asia (ICPE-ECCE Asia), 2015, pp. 2209–2214. [51] M. Tchavychalov and V. A. Detistov, “Optimum Design of Linear Switched Reluctance Generator,” in 2018 X International Conference on Electrical Power Drive Systems (ICEPDS), 2018, pp. 1–4. [52] N. H. Saad, A. A. El-Sattar, and M. E. Metally, “Artificial neural controller for torque ripple control and maximum power extraction for wind system driven by switched reluctance generator,” Ain Shams Eng. J., vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 2255–2264, Dec. 2018. [53] G. P. Viajante, E. N. Chaves, L. C. Miranda, M. A. A. freitas, C. A. Queiroz, and J. A. Santos, “Design and Implementation of a Fuzzy Control System Applied to a 6x4 SRG,” in 2019 IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2019 IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe (EEEIC / I&CPS Europe), 2019, pp. 1–6. [54] H. E. M. Lopez, “Maximum power tracking control scheme for wind generator systems,” M.S. Thesis, Texas A&M University, 2007. [55] H. Moodi and D. Bustan, “Wind turbine control using T-S systems with nonlinear consequent parts,” Energy, vol. 172, pp. 922–931, Apr. 2019. [56] M. Heidari, “Maximum Wind Energy Extraction by Using Neural Network Estimation and Predictive Control of Boost Converter,” Int. J. Ind. Electron. Control Optim., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 115–120, 2018. [57] A. Pintea, D. Popescu, and P. Borne, “Robust control for wind power systems,” in 18th Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation, MED’10, 2010, pp. 1085–1091. [58] E. Rahmanian, H. Akbari, and H. Sheisi, “Maximum Power Point Tracking in Grid Connected Wind Plant by Using Intelligent Controller and Switched Reluctance Generator,” IEEE Trans. Sustain. Energy, vol. 8, p. 1, Jul. 2017. [59] L. Y. Pao and K. E. Johnson, “A tutorial on the dynamics and control of wind turbines and wind farms,” in 2009 American Control Conference, 2009, pp. 2076–2089. [60] Ji.-W. Ahn, “Switched Reluctance Motor,” in Torque Control, Rijeka: IntechOpen, 2011, p. Ch. 8. [61] A. Arifin and I. Al-Bahadly, “Switched Reluctance Generator for Variable Speed Wind Energy Applications,” Smart Grid Renew. Energy, vol. 2, pp. 27–36, Jan. 2011. [62] P. Asadi, “Development and application of an advanced switched reluctance generator drive,” Ph.D. Dissertation, Texas A&M University, 2006. [63] Y. Gao, “Speed control of switched reluctance motors,” Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, 2000. [64] D. A. Torrey, “Switched reluctance generators and their control,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 3– 14, 2002. [65] T. Sawata, P. C. Kjaer, C. Cossar, and T. J. E. Miller, “A control strategy for the switched reluctance generator,” in international conference on Electrical Machines, 1998, pp. 2131–2136. [66] N. Faridnia, “Voltage Control of a 12/8 Pole Switched Reluctance Generator Using Fuzzy Logic,” Int. J. Mod. Nonlinear Theory Appl., vol. 1, pp. 107–112, Jan. 2012. [67] D. A. Torrey, X. Niu, and E. J. Unkauf, “Analytical modelling of variable-reluctance machine magnetisation characteristics,” IEE Proc. - Electr. Power Appl., vol. 142, no. 1, pp. 14–22, 1995. [68] H. Le-Huy and P. Brunelle, “A versatile nonlinear switched reluctance motor model in Simulink using realistic and analytical magnetization characteristics,” in 31st Annual Conference of IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, 2005. IECON 2005., 2005, p. 6 pp.-pp. [69] P. J. d. S. Neto, T. A. d. S. Barros, M. V. de Paula, R. R. de Souza, and E. R. Filho, “Design of Computational Experiment for Performance Optimization of a Switched Reluctance Generator in Wind Systems,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 406–419, 2018. [70] A. Bryant et al., “A Fast Loss and Temperature Simulation Method for Power Converters, Part I: Electrothermal Modeling and Validation,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 248–257, 2012. [71] J. Faiz and R. Fazai, “Optimal Excitation Angles of a High Speed Switched Reluctance Generator by Efficiency Maximization,” in 2006 12th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference, 2006, pp. 287–291. [72] K. Lee, Modern Heuristic Optimization Techniques : Theory and Applications to Power Systems. 2008. | ||

آمار تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 268 تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 367 |