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## 3LEE: A 3-Layer Effort Estimator for Software Projects | ||

International Journal of Industrial Electronics Control and Optimization | ||

دوره 5، شماره 1، خرداد 2022، صفحه 31-42 اصل مقاله (1.05 M) | ||

نوع مقاله: Research Articles | ||

شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22111/ieco.2022.39878.1379 | ||

نویسندگان | ||

Amin Moradbeiky^{1}؛ Vahid Khatibi ^{} ^{2}؛ Mehdi Jafari Shahbazzadeh^{} ^{3}
| ||

^{1}Department of Computer Engineering, Faculty of Science, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran | ||

^{2}Department of Computer Engineering, Faculty of Science, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran. | ||

^{3}Department of Electrical Engineering, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran | ||

چکیده | ||

Managing software projects due to its intangible nature is full of challenges when predicting the effort needed for development. Accordingly, there exist many studies with the attempt to devise models to estimate efforts necessary in developing software. According to the literature, the accuracy of estimator models or methods can be improved by correct application of data filtering or feature weighting techniques. Numerous models have also been proposed based on machine learning methods for data modeling. This study proposes a new model consisted of data filtering and feature weighting techniques to improve the estimation accuracy in the final step of data modeling. The model proposed in this study consists of three layers. Tools and techniques in the first and second layers of the proposed model select the most effective features and weight features with the help of LSA (Lightning Search Algorithm). By combining LSA and an artificial neural network in the third layer of the model, an estimator model is developed from the first and second layers, significantly improving the final estimation accuracy. The upper layers of this model filter out and analyze data of lower layers. This arrangement significantly increased the accuracy of final estimation. Three datasets of real projects were used to evaluate the accuracy of proposed model, and the results were compared with those obtained from different methods. The results were compared based on performance criteria, indicating that the proposed model effectively improved the estimation accuracy. | ||

کلیدواژهها | ||

Development Effort Estimation؛ Lightning Search Algorithm؛ Neural Networks؛ Software Project | ||

مراجع | ||

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