|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||8,814,251|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||5,818,276|
Teacher Gestures: An Action Research on Iranian EFL Learners’ Long-term Retention of Idiomatic Expressions
|Iranian Journal of Applied Language Studies|
|مقاله 8، دوره 13، شماره 2، اسفند 2021، صفحه 125-146 اصل مقاله (454.2 K)|
|نوع مقاله: Research Paper|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22111/ijals.2021.6826|
|Saeedeh Nowbaghi؛ Marjan Vosoughi|
|English Department, Sabzevar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sabzevar, Iran|
|The present study aimed at evaluating the effect of using three types of teacher gestures including representational (iconic, metaphoric) and emblematic gestures on the long-term retention of some L2 (here, English) concrete, and figurative idiomatic structures among a group of volunteering female junior high-school learners in Sabzevar, Iran. Via a multi-stage, mixed-method research design, over a period of eight weeks mainly focusing on an action research design, twelve learners of the eighth and ninth grades of high schools were presented with forty-eight English idiomatic phrases. Post-tests on the immediate and delayed recall and recognition tests served as the primary tools for collecting the essential data along with frequent teacher notes on their performance. The report from Wilcoxon Signed-Ranks Test indicated that the median delayed post-test ranks were not statistically significantly different from the median immediate post-test ranks Z=12, p≥.754, which proved a positive effect of using gestures on long-term retention of idiomatic phrases. In the second phase, teachers’ and students’ views were also scrutinized which showed positive feedback over the process. Implications for L2 classes were then presented in the light of recent multi-modal strategies for teaching target language forms having idiomatic expressions for the English as a Foreign Language (EFL) context.|
|emblematic gestures؛ long-term retention؛ iconic gestures؛ idiomatic expressions؛ metaphoric gestures|
Adelson-Goldstein, J., & Shapiro, N. (2015). Oxford picture Dictionary English-Thai edition: Bilingual dictionary for Thai-speaking teenage and adult students of English. Oxford University Press.
Alibali, M.W. Kita, S., & Young, A. J. (2000). Gesture and The process of speech production: We think, therefor we Gesture. Language and Cognitive Processes, 15,593-613.
Alibali, M. W., Nathan, M. J., Eolfgram, M. S., Church, R. B., Jacobs, S. A., Jihnson Martinez, C.,.….Knuth, E.J.(2014). How teachers link ideas in mathematics instruction using speech and Gesture: A corpus analysis Cognition and Instruction, 32(1), 65-100, https://doi.org/1001080/.7370008,2013.858161
Allen, L. Q. (1995). The effects of emblematic features on the development and access of mental representations of French expressions. Modern Language Journal, 79, 521-529.
Baddeley, A. (2003). New data: Old pitfalls. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 26(6), 709-777.
Benson, M., Benson, E., & IIson, R. (2009a).The BBI Combinatory Dictionary of English. John Benjamins.
Bull, P.E. (1987). Posture and Gesture. Pergamon Press.
Calvert, G. A., Campbell, R., & Brammer, M. J. (2000). Evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging of crossmodal binding in the human heteromodal cortex. Current Biology, 10, 649-657.
Calvert, G. A., Spence, C., & Stein, B. E. (2004). The handbook of multisensory processes. MIT Press.
Cartmill, E. A., Demir, Ö. E., & Goldin-Meadow, S. (2012). Studying Gesture in Erica Hoff (Ed), Research Methods in Child: A Practical Guide (208-223).
Chu, M., Meyer, A., Foulkes, L., & Kita, S. (2014). Individual differences in frequency and saliency of speech-accompanying gestures: The role of cognitive abilities and empathy. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 143(2), 694-7090.
Chui, K. (2011). Conceptual metaphors in gesture. Cognitive Linguistics, 22(3), 437-458.
Clissett, P. (2008). Evaluating qualitative research. Journal of Orthopaedic nursing, 12(2), 99-105.
Corbin, J., & Strauss, A. (2008). Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory (3rd ed.). SAGE.
Demir, C. (2017). Lexical collocations in English: A Comparative study of native and Non- native Scholars of English. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 13(1), 75-87.
Drisko, J. W., & Maschi, T. (2016). Content analysis. Pocket guides to social work research. Oxford university press.
Ekman, P., & Friesen, W. V. (1969a). The repertoire of nonverbal behavior: Categories, origins, and coding. Semiotica, 1, 49-98.
Engelkamp, J., & Zimmer, H. D. (1983). Zum Einflu–S von Wahrnehmen und Tun auf das Behalten von Verb–Objekt-Phrasen [The influence of perception and performance on the recall of verb-object phrases]. Sprache & Kognition, 2(2), 117–127.
Gibbs, R. W., Nayak, N. P., & Cutting, C. (1989). How to kick the bucket and not decompose: Analyzability and idiom processing. Journal of Memory and Language, 28(5), 576–593.
Gibbs, Jr., & Raymond W. (2006). Embodied simulation in metaphor interpretation. Mind and Language 21, 434-458.
Goldin-Meadow, S. (1999). The role of gesture in communication and thinking. Trends in Cognition Sciences, 3, 419–429.
Goldin-Meadow, S. (2003). Hearing gesture: How our hands help us think. Belknap: Cambridge, MA.
Goldin-Meadow, S., & Wagner, S. M. (2005). How our hands help us learn. Trends in Cognitive Science 9, 234-241.
Goldin- Meadow, S., So, W.C., Ozyurek, A., & My lander, C. (2008). The natural order of events: how speakers of dofferent languages represent events nonverbally. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 105(27), 9163-9168.
Goldin-Meadow, S. (2009). How gesture promotes learning throughout childhood. Child Development Perspectives, 3, 106-111.
Goldin-Meadow, S., Levine, S. L., Zinchenko, E., Yip, T. K.-Y., Hemani, N., & Factor, L. (2012). Doing gesture promotes learning a mental transformation task better than seeing gesture. Developmental Science, 15, 876–884.
Gulec, S., & Temel, H. (2015). Body language using skills of teacher candidates from Departments of Mathematics Education and Social Studies Education. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 186, 161-168.
Gullberg, M., & Kendon, A. (2006b). Some reasons for studying Gesture and second language acquisition, Psycholinguistics IRAL, 44(2006), 103-124.
Hall, Edward T. (1968). Proxemics. Current Anthropology 9, 83-108.
Henry, L. A. (1991). The effects of word length and phonemic similarity in young children’s short-term memory. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 43(1), 35-52.
Hostetter, A. B., & Potthoff, A.L. (2012). Effects of Personality and social situation on representational gesture production. Gesture 12, 62-83.
Johnston, T., & Ferrara, L. (2012). Lexicalization in signed languages: When is an idiom not an idiom. In Selected papers from UK-CLA meetings (Vol. 1, pp. 229-248). United Kingdom Cognitive Linguistics Association.
Huang, X., Kim, N., & Christianson, K. (2019). Gesture and vocabulary learning in a second language. Language Learning, 69(1), 177-197.
Khabiri, M., & Masoumpanah, Z. (2012). The comparative effect of using idioms in conversation and paragraph writing on EFL learners’ idiom learning. Iranian Journal of Applied Language Studies, 4(1), 59-80.
Kendon, A. (2004). Gesture. Visible Action as Utterance. Cambridge University Press.
Kendon, A., & Gullberg, M. (2006). Some reasons for studying Gesture and second language acquisition, Psycholinguistics IRAL 44(1), 103-124.
Guba, E. G., & Lincoln, Y. S. (1 985). Naturalistic inquiry. Thousand Oaks, CA: SagePublications.
L€uke, C., & Ritterfeld, U. (2014). The influence of iconic and arbitrary gestures on novel word learning in children with and without SLI. Gesture, 14(2), 204–225.
Macedonia, M., & Knösche, T. R. (2011a). Body in mind: How gestures empower foreign language learning. Mind, Brain, and Education, 5(4), 196-211.
Macedonia, M., & Knösche, T. R. (2011b). Body in mind: How gestures empower foreign language learning. Mind, Brain, and Education, 5(4), 196-211.
Malmir, A., & Parhizkari, N. (2021). The effect of definition, fill-in-the-blank, and sentence writing exercises on the acquisition, retention, and production of lexical vs. grammatical collocations. Journal of Teaching Language Skills, 40(1), 33-82.
Malmir A., & Taji, N. (2021). The interplay of action, context, and linguistic vs. non-linguistic resources in L2 pragmatic performance: The case of requests and refusals. Language Related Research (LRR), 12(3), 215-253.
McNeill, D. (1992). Hand and Mind: What gestures reveal about thought. University of Chicago Press.
McNeill, D. (2005). Gesture and Thought. University of Chicago Press.
Nakatsukasa, K. (2016). Efficacy of recasts and gestures on the acquisition of locative prepositions. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 38(4), 771-799.
Nicoladis, E., Nagpal, J., Marentette, P. (2019). Gesture frequency is linked to story-telling style: Evidence from bilinguals. Language and Cognition (2019), Page 1 of 24. https://doi.org/10.1017/Langcog.
Oakhill, J., Cain, K., & Nesi, B. (2016). Understanding of idiomatic expressions in context in skilled and less-skilled comprehenders: Online processing and interpretation. Scientific Studies of Reading, 20(2), 124-139.
O’Carroll, S., Nicoladis, E., and Smithson, L. (2015).The effect of extraversion on communication: Evident from an interlocutor visibility manipulation. Speech Communication, 69, 1-8.
O’Dell, F., & McCarthy, M. (2010). English idioms in use advanced with answers. Cambridge University Press.
Patton, M. Q. (2015). Enhancing the quality and credibility of qualitative studies. In Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods (chapter 9), 942-943. Sage Publication.
Pouw, W. T. J. L., de Nooijer, J. A., van Gog, T., Zeaan, R. A., & Pass, F. (2014). Toward a more embedded/extended perspective on the cognitive function of gestures. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 359. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00359.
Richland, L.E., Zur, O., & Holyoak, K. J. (2007). Cognative supports for analogies in the Mathematics classroom. Science, 316 (5828), 1128-1129.
Riekehof, L. L. (1988). The Joy of signing. Ear and Hearing, 9(4), 227.
Quinn-Allen, L. Q. (1995). The effects of emblematic gestures on the development and access of mental representations of French expressions. The Modern Language Journal, 79, 521–529.
Saliminejad. P., Karimkhanlooei. G. (2018). A study on the type and frequency of unacceptable collocations in the English-Persian translations of Hemingway’s Masterpiece: For whom the Bell Tolls. Journal of Language and Cultural Education, 6(3), 1339-4584
Scherr, R. E. (2008). Gesture analysis for Physics education researchers. Physical Review Special Topics - Physics Education Research, 4(1), 1-14.
Shooshtari. Z., & Karami, N. (2013). Lexical collocation instruction and its impact on iranian non-academic EFL learners’ speaking ability. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 4 (4), 767-776.
Sim, C. (2006). Preparing for professional experiences – incorporating pre‐service teachers as ‘communities of practice’. Teaching and Teacher Education, 22, 77-83.
Smithson, L., & Nicoladis, E. (2013). Verbal memory resources predict iconic gesture use among monolinguals and bilinguals. Bilingualism: Language and Cognitive, 16(4), 934-944.
Demir, Ö. E., & Goldin-Meadow, S. (2010). When speech is ambiguous gesture steps in: Sensitivity to discourse-pragmatic principles in early childhood. Applied Psycholinguistics, 31, 209–224
Soozandehfar, S. M. A. (2017a). Semiotic mediums of meaning-making in oral reproduction course in TEFL. Research in English Language Pedagogy, 5(1), 1-16
Spranger, T., Schatz, T. R., & Knopf, M. (2008).Does action make you faster? A retrieval-based approach to investigating the origins of the enactment effect. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 49(6), 487–495.
Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (2011). Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory. Sage Publications.
Tammy, G., Olivares-Cuhat, G. & S. John, (2009). An examination of L1 and L2 gesture use: What role does proficiency play? Modern Language Journal, 93, 195-208.
Tellier, M. (2008). The effect of gestures on second language memorization by young children. Gesture, 8, 219-235.
Thompson, T., & Simmons, N. (2015). American family and friends. Oxford University Press.
Vittorio, G., & Lakoff, G. (2005). The brain’s concepts. The role of sensory-motor system in conceptual knowledge. Cognitive Neuropsychology 22, 455-479.
تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 77
تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 121