|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||9,077,088|
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Optimized Microgrid Protection Considering Different Topologies Based on N-1 Contingency by Dual Setting Directional Overcurrent Relays
|International Journal of Industrial Electronics Control and Optimization|
|مقاله 1، دوره 5، شماره 3، دی 2022، صفحه 205-213 اصل مقاله (1.19 M)|
|نوع مقاله: Research Articles|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22111/ieco.2022.41721.1416|
|Amir Hossein Ataee-Kachoee1؛ Hamed Hashemi Dezaki 2؛ Abbas Ketabi3|
|1Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Kashan Kashan, Iran|
|2Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran.|
|3Department of electrical engineering, Kashan University, Kashan, Iran|
|The deployment of microgrids (MGs) and smart grids to maximize the benefits from distributed generations (DGs) has increased. Although the MG framework and concept improve system flexibility and reliability, new challenges corresponding to the MG protection system appear compared to conventional passive distribution networks. The adaptive protection schemes, which have been reported to consider various topologies in MG protection, need communication infrastructure. Also, the failure of telecommunication systems and cyber-attacks has drawn attention to unrelated protection schemes using local measurements, taking into account different topologies and related selectivity constraints. The literature shows a research gap in the development of local measurement-based protection schemes considering different operating modes and network configurations due to the unavailability of upstream substations, DGs, and other MGs sub-systems such as lines. This research attempts to fill this research gap by proposing a new protection scheme using dual setting directional overcurrent relays (DS-DOCRs) based on N-1 contingency topologies. The introduced method is applied to the distribution portion of the IEEE 30-bus test system. The Genetic Algorithm (GA) has been selected as the optimization algorithm, which is implemented in MATLAB, and the power system analyses are done in DIgSILENT. The test results show the advantages of the proposed method compared to the existing designs, only considering the limited operation modes. The test results indicate that mis-coordination for the N-1 contingency-based topologies does not appear using the proposed method.|
|Communication-free protection scheme؛ Directional overcurrent relays؛ Dual characteristics relays؛ N-1 contingency؛ Protective coordination|
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